What does “European Emigrant Heritage” mean?
Let's take each word separately:
Euro•pe•an Adjective A person who was born in, or whose family originates from, Europe. [As opposed to a person whose family originates from Asia or Africa, for example.]
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The continent of Europe presently contains the following countries: Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Azerbai- jan, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kosovo, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, the Nether lands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, San Marino, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, and the United Kingdom.
Europe also has ethnicities, former nationalities, and cultures who do not presently have their own countries. These include the following:
Basque, Bavarian, Bohemian, Catalan, Castillian, Celtic, Chechen, Dalmatian, Karilian, Kiev-Rus, Ladino, Moravian, Pilsner, Posner, Prussian, Ruthenian, Sardinian, Saxon, Scotch, Servian, Silesian, Slavonian, Tatar, Transylvanian, Tuscan, (and many others).
Em•i•grant Noun A person who leaves a country or region to live in another one : a person who emigrates ▪ Millions of emigrants departed from European ports between 1850 and 1920. — compare IMMIGRANT, a person who comes to a country to take up permanent residence.
Her•i•tage Noun 1.) Property or other assets that have accrued to a particular family line, and which by law [should] descend from predecessor to living heirs. 2.) The traditions, achievements, beliefs, crafts, etc., that are part of the history of a group or nation. ▪ a nation with a rich heritage of folklore ▪ His Polish heritage was very important to him.
Thus European Emigrant Heritage (EEH) is exemplified by the following:
a.) In 1943 a Polish woman died in a German labour camp. She owned property that now should go to her closest living relatives, many second cousins living in Europe and the USA.
b.) A German soldier died in the Siege of Stalingrad. 22 years later, in 1964, his mother died in Frankfurt, leaving valuable coin and stamp collections, that now should go to the grandchildren of the soldier, who are living in Scotland. [Photo: Statues in Stalingrad centre which miraculously survived the siege.]
c.) In 1974 an Italian businessman died in Argentina, leaving bank accounts there and in Switzerland, that now should go to cousins in Italy and Dayton, Ohio, who have never met him. Results: Inheritances for everyone, a trip to Italy, and a family reunion attended by the Ohio cousins, some of their children and grandchildren, and many Italian relatives.
d.) A French-Canadian in Québec wished to learn of the life, times, and culture of his paternal grandmother, who had lived in Marseille and gave her out-of-wedlock baby to a Catholic orphanage. Prior to EEH's research, the grandmother's name and what became of her were unknown to the client and his family for 99 years. This example of EEH's work did not involve the inheritance of money or property. This is the non-profit side of EEH, involving the 2nd definition of Heritage, above: the traditions, achievements, beliefs, etc. that comprise the history of (in this case) the grandmother. The client was born in Canada and had never been to France. He was elderly and living on a small pension, but had always wanted to know about his grandmother. EEH undertook the research at no charge, and was able to provide him with documents, newspaper items, and photographs of his grandmother's life, and a photo album to arrange them in. Included were documents and photos of his two half-uncles and their children, half-cousins he never knew he had. (His grandmother had later married and had two sons.) In the following year, two of his half-cousins visited him in Québec.
What does the profit side of EEH do?
The for profit side of European Emigrant Heritage (EEH) conducts research that locates property and/or other assets that are unknown and unclaimed by those legally entitled to them. Then, through genealogical research (documentary research creating a family tree), EEH identifies and locates the persons who are legally entitled to the assets. EEH then offers to claim and recover the property and/or assets in exchange for a contingent percentage fee. If there is nothing recovered, there is no fee.
What does the non-profit side of EEH do?
European Emigrant Heritage (EEH) also operates a non-profit research and cultural exchange / cultural promotion service. Through cultural, historical, ethnographic, and genealogical research, we aid in the preservation, understanding, and appreciation of old-time European culture: the crafts, customs, community and family ties, and ethnic/national spirit that were prevalent before the industrial revolution.
EEH's non-profit services are available to everyone, regardless of where they live or whether they have an unknown inheritance. Clients pay nothing but may make a donation to the cause if they wish to do so. Please contact us for further information if you have a specific need, request, or if you wish to help by donating time. Also see the last page of this website: 16 ½. The CRAFTWORK INN.
The remainder of this EEH Website Page 2. About Us deals with EEH's profit side.
How did you find me?
If we have contacted you regarding an inheritance, you are probably wondering how we found you. Here are the stages: I.) EEH always begins its research by finding property or other assets which are unknown to and unclaimed by those entitled to them. II). EEH then performs genealogical research to identify and find the entitled persons. Genealogical research discovers small pieces of information: names, dates, and places of births, marriages, immigrations, deaths, burials, etc. III.) EEH then assembles all these pieces into a complete family tree, and contacts the living members who may be entitled to inherit. When we began to research your family, we didn’t know your name or your parents’ names.
EEH discovers names on many kinds of records. For example, suppose the unknown property which EEH has discovered is accruing to you through your paternal grandmother (GM) from the death of her 2nd husband. All we have to begin our genealogical research is GM's married name. GM may have registered to vote with the Labour Party in 1936, or received a pension from the American government for her service during the World War of 1914-18. These records may give her birthplace as Villefranche-de-Rouergue (pictured at right). To trace your GM, we search the records of the several parish churches in and near the VdR Commune and follow the baptismal records of several girls baptised in the days following your GM's date of birth. One of them should be your GM. Thus we may obtain your GM's maiden SURNAME, allowing us to find her 1st marriage to your GF, and so on, eventually leading to you.
Genealogy involves many areas of study, including history, geography, ethnology, calligraphy, and photographic analysis. To solve a recent case, it was necessary that we discovered that during World War II, while occupied by Nazi Germany, Villefranche housed a large 13th Waffen SS Handschar - 1st Croatian Division, consisting mainly of Bosnians. Only this fact led to the military records identifying the deceased Frenchman’s father in Bosnia. Bosnia at his date of birth was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire (see Page 12. Historical Maps in this website)
How can you have found something when I know all my relatives and all my inheritances?
The truth is that no one knows all their relatives. For example, do you know the father of your paternal grandmother? What town was this great-grandfather born in, and what were the names of his siblings, nieces, and nephews? More importantly, if one of them died in Dover in 1974 with property, would you know of it?
Would your father’s cousins in Stuttgart or Cincinnati have found your father to give him his lawful share? In the absence of family, how diligently would the local government have searched?
Who hires EEH?
No one hires us. We are a government licensed private company that investigates public and private records to find “errors, omissions, and frauds.”
What kinds of cases do you handle?
Here are some examples of the many types of unclaimed asset matters we handle:
1.) Sometimes a person dies without having time to make a will or property list for his family. We handle many research and collections for descendants of persons who died unexpectedly, often in wars and revolu-tions. During WWII, many Jews opened accounts in Switzerland etc., then perished in concentration camps. The governments of the several countries which became communist between 1917 (Russia) and 1948 (Czechoslovakia) nationalised (confiscated) many private homes and businesses. In many of these cases, EEH has successfully claimed the assets for the living heirs.
2.) Many Europeans and Americans who owned rental property, both before and after the bank failures of the 1920-1940 world depression, did not trust banks and collected rents in cash. Sometimes when a man owned several properties, his wife and children were unaware of his holdings. When he died, unless his will listed the properties he owned at death, some of his tenants merely stopped paying rent. If they paid the property tax every year, they could remain rent-free and even pass the property on to their children. This continues until a company such as EEH discovers it and locates the deceased owner's heirs.
Really, my family is very close…
Please realise that no matter how close your family is, there can always be a surprise. You will not be inheriting from a family member with whom you are close, but rather from a family member with whom you are distant. Perhaps you remember when US President Clinton was surprised by a man who claimed to be his half-brother (and he was!): http://www.people.com/people/archive/article/0,,20110746,00.html
Of course, unknown living relatives occur more frequently in non-famous families: http://vita-brevis.org/2014/07/suspicious-first-cousin/?utm_source=twgnewsletter&utm_medium=newsletter&utm_campaign=twg699
Unknown deceased relatives occur in all families -- For example, can you name your paternal grandfather's nieces? (And even then, you would need their married names to find their deaths, cemeteries, offspring, etc.)
Why have I never heard of your type of business?
Unknown inheritances are rare events. They occur only a few thousand times per year. Also, unknown inheritance genealogy is one of the few businesses that does not advertise. We start with the property or other assets, and then attempt to locate lawful heirs. [We indeed are the bearers of good news!] We do not start with potential heirs, or people who believe they are entitled to an inheritance, so we do not advertise for those people to contact us.
The reason EEH does not attempt to find inheritances for people is that many people would want such a service, but very few of them have inheritances out there waiting for them. Many people will tell you that they were supposed to inherit from their GM's (grandmother’s) 10 Million Kroner estate, or that that their GGF was a New York banker who made $Millions and deposited it all in a bank in Dallas, TX before his untimely death. We learnt many years ago that most of these family legends are untrue, and that is why we always start with the property, not with the heirs. Below are some properties we researched and found that they were in possession of persons or entities not the lawful owners. We then performed genealogical research, identified and located unknown heirs, and retreived these properties for them:
Can I lose any money?
A basic principle of our work is that our clients never pay any money. This assures them that we are honest. Dishonest programmes have one thing in common: You pay money. Our only fee is a percentage of what we actually recover for you. You never pay any money, so there is no way you can lose any money. You can only gain.
What is Inordinate Wariness?
On the other end of the scale from the above is a growing phenomenon in human nature which can be referred to as excessive caution. It can be just as bad to have too much caution as to have too little.
Example: The Value of Gold Almost everyone knows that gold, which was worth ₤6 ($32) per ounce in our grandfathers' day, is worth hundreds per ounce today. An ounce (1 oz, 28.35 grams) of gold is currently worth ₤837.94. http://www.hardassetsalliance.com/charts/gold-price/gbp/oz However, if you believe that the average person has enough confidence in his own knowledge to act on it to his financial advantage, you will be surprised by this video (click white triangle):
The woman at 03:28 seems the most open minded, but unfortunately misses her opportunity in the end. This maple leaf coin video tests human willingness to invest small amounts for the certainty of large gain, whereas the opportunity which EEH offers its heirs requires no investment. Still, a growing minority of heirs decline EEH's offer.
Why do modern governments stamp their gold coins as being worth only a small fraction of their true value? EEH's owner James Hannum believes the answer is that if the government were to stamp the coins with their true value (e.g. $1,600), it would be an admission that they printed too much paper currency and then spent it into circulation, causing rampant inflation. This is the "hidden tax." Before these decades of inflation, $10 gold coins were worth $10. Your grandfather might have received one for a week's full time work. If Dutch, he might have received the small 10 guilders coin to the right. His wife would have made very sure that none of his pockets had a hole in it!
Do you take any fees & costs from the inheritance
before comupting my 2/3 share?
No, we don't. This is a good question not often asked. European Emigrant Heritage (EEH) receives only it's 1/3 fee. We spend on average over £5,000 on those inquiries that reach advanced research stage, to purchase birth, marriage, death and other records, for remote research and researcher fees, our own travel expenses, database fees, etc. Rather than deduct these expenses "off the top" of the recovered inheritance, EEH pays them from its own funds, without reimbursement from anyone, regard- less of the outcome of the inheritance claim. These are our costs of doing business, investments we are willing to risk for inheritance claims we believe are valid. Like Mr. Bond, we must know when to bet and when to fold.
What fraction of the
inheritance will I receive?
The fraction depends on your
place on the family tree in relation
to the original owner of the asset.
It also depends on how many
other heirs there are.
These are mathematical questions.
If a grandfather dies leaving
two daughters, and two grandsons
(sons of a deceased daughter),
the fractions taken by these four
are set by law. Usually:
The daughters each take 1/3.
The grandson’s each take 1/6
because they divide the 1/3 share of
their deceased mother between them.
In some countries,
half blood relatives take half shares,
and in other countries full shares.
The son of your GM’s half-sister
is your half-great-uncle.
Is it land?
Is it more than
Is it in Germany?
European Emigrant Heritage (EEH) has a policy not to answer such questions until we have located all the heirs and they have either signed our agreement or renounced the inheritance. The reason for this is to insure that we are paid for our work.
Was war, schläft... aber kann aufwachen. - That which was, sleeps... but can awaken.
The motto of our Company, European Emigrant Heritage
What if I sign the Agreement but my sister doesn’t?
The majority of people offered our Agreement sign it. When someone declines to sign, they are left out of the inheritance. This makes the inheritance shares of those who sign larger. You may never have heard of many of your fellow inheritors. Your relatives may be as far flung as Connecticut, (Old) York, New York, Sydney, and Buenos Aires. Please be assured you have never met most of your living relatives:
How do I know EEH will give me my share?
EEH never handles your money. The solicitor
serving as administrator of the fund holds the money in a separate account he maintains solely for this purpose. He calculates the tax due, the calculation is ratified by the Collector of Taxes, and the tax is paid from the account, prior to calculating EEH's percentage fee. The solicitor then sends you your cheque, and EEH its cheque. If he fails to send you your money, he could lose his licence to practise law.
Who pays for the solicitor?
All legal fees and costs are paid from the recovery, before EEH's fee is calculated. The solicitor's fee is 3% of the inher-itance he is able to recover. If he is unable to recover anything, his fee is zero. In rare cases of extensive litigation, the 3% is increased. In no case do you ever pay anything out of your own pocket. Since you never pay anything, you can never lose anything.
Are there any guarantees?
EEH can give no guarantee that our attempt to recover your family's assets will be successful, because unforeseen circumstances may prevent it. For example, a person or persons more closely related to the original owner of the asset may be found. Or a mortgage or tax lien may be asserted against the property. What we do guarantee is this: WE WILL DO THE BEST WE CAN TO PROVE, EXPEDITE, AND MAXIMISE YOUR INHERITANCE, AND AT NO TIME WILL YOU BE REQUIRED TO INVEST A PENNY OUT OF YOUR OWN POCKET.
What if the debts exceed the assets?
Let's suppose that the asset accruing to your family is a parcel of land worth €100.000. If the land is encumbered by a €30.000 mortgage and a €40.000 lien for back taxes, the net recovery would be €30.000, and EEH's percentage would be calculated only on that €30.000. Supposing however that the back taxes were €120.000, so that there is nothing to recover. In that event, you would receive nothing, and EEH would receive its percentage of nothing, i.e., nothing. Part of the taxes would remain unpaid, but neither you nor EEH would be responsible for paying them. One is not responsible for the debts of a deceased relative; debts are not inherited.
How does genealogical research work?
Here is a typical example. The research of a Philip LEOPOLD uncovers that his original surname was LEPAR and that he was born in Kriukai, Lithuania, the son of Yehuda-Leib LEPAR. This is confirmed by a search in the All-Lithuania Database (ALD) and turns up several LEPAR families in Kriukai, Lithuania and neighbouring villages.
In order to find the descendants of the original great-grandfather, Amiel LEPAR, it was necessary to hire the entire class of a professor of history in a nearby university, to locate the tombstones in question. These enthusiastic students walked hundreds of cemetery rows and transcribed over 8,000 tombstones! Even so, it would not have been possible to solve this case without an index, the Kovno-Slatis cemetery list, which was produced by the "Chevren Kadisha," the burial society of Viliampolka. This index does not cover the entire cemetery, but is an index showing the names, section and row numbers of those who died in the Ghetto between 1941and 1943, a period which contained many of the key deaths in the family.
The wedding photograph shown to the left was accepted as evidence in the Austrian court of inheritance as the wedding of Harry KOWEN and Dolly LEOPOLD, who were the grandparents of Mervyn ______, one of the heirs in the case. The seven LEOPOLD sisters are shown in the photo-graph. The face of the groom was adjudged to match the German work permit card, which was located in an archives in Berlin.
Many of the genealogical records in the above LEPAR/LEOPOLD case were in German because those parts of Bosnia in which the family resided were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire prior to 1919. To understand these records one must acquire the ability to read the Sütterlinschrift (Sutterlin handwriting), in which the German language of that period was (very beautifully) written:
Another example is a case EEH recently worked in Siberia. The following is taken from a letter written by James Hannum of EEH:
...Our original proof packet translated the words село (selo) and деревня(derevnya) as “village.” Because there is an important genealogical difference between a selo and a derevnya, the words should not be translated but should instead be transliterated into the Roman Alphabet and separately defined. According to Vladimir Dahl’s magnum opus, Explanatory Dictionary of the Living Great Russian Language, which was published in 4 huge volumes in 1863, the definition of “selo” is “A place built and settled by peasants in which there is a church, and sometimes selo consists of many scattered derevnyas all belonging to one congregation and one church.” The definition of derevnya is “Peasant settlement in which there is no church.” As you will note from the enclosed revised proofs, the phrases “Village of Petroselki” and “Village of Molotychi ” have been changed to “Petroselki Derevnya” and Molotychi Selo. Given that they are only three miles apart (Our Proof #25, Petroselki and Molotychi Satellite Map), the fact that all derevnyas had to belong to a selo so that its residents would have a church, and Dahl’s above definitions, we conclude that Petroselki Derevnya belonged to Molotychi Selo. Thus Grigoriy could say he resided in either place.
It is obvious that Grigoriy KORNEEV and Grigoriy ABALMASOV are the same man. Consider:
Grigoriy KORNEEV and Grigoriy ABALMASOV are both shown in the above records having the same patronymic name, Kuzmin, meaning “son of Kuzma.” The given name “Kuzma” is now, and was in 19th Century Russia, a fairly rare name.
Grigoriy Kuzmin KORNEEV came from Petroselki Derevnya, Fatezhskiy Uyezd, Kursk Guberniya. (Our Proof #1).
Grigoriy Kuzmin ABALMASOV came from the Molotychi Selo, Fatezhskiy Uyezd, Kursk Guberniya. (Our Proof #2).
Since Petroselki Derevnya belonged to Molotychi Selo, a man from Petroselki Derevnya could say he was from either place.
Grigoriy Kuzmin KORNEEV and Grigoriy Kuzmin ABALMASOV both arrived in Siberia in 1896.
Grigoriy Kuzmin KORNEEV and Grigoriy Kuzmin ABALMASOV lived in the same tiny place, Belovodovskoye Settlement, Mariinsk Okrug, Tomsk Guberniya, Siberia.
After 1896, Grigoriy Kuzmin ABALMASOV never again used the surname KORNEEV, and the name Grigoriy Kuzmin KORNEEV never appears again in the record books.
In the 1916 Agricultural Census (our Proof #24), taken twenty years after the above Petition for Money, Grigoriy’s family is listed as ABALMASOV; there is no Grigoriy KORNEEV or Petr KORNEEV in the 1916 Census...
Examples of proofs EEH presented in the above case:
We learned the lesson long ago at European Emigrant Heritiage to "never give up" when looking for solutions to genealogical research problems. "Never give up" became one of our mottos, that when the research was tough, one of us would say it to the others, to encourage them. It's too easy to say, "this case has no solution" or "cross off that branch of the family" because they moved, perhaps all died, no one remembers them, no evidence they had issue, etc. Of course, we often do have to give up, lest we be stuck working on a case for ten years, but we must strictly analyze the research potential of any inquiry before dropping it.
The below amazing story validates the "never give up" motto, and there are many like it. Often just shelving a case for a couple years until records are scanned and indexed, results in solving "unsolvable" problems. These Red Cross records allowed us to solve two separate estate inquiries, allowing the estates of the outstanding WWI decedants to be distributed to collateral kin. [Proving their death in the War, added to their military records showing single marital status, forclosed the possibility that they later married and left issue.]
London Daily Mail (Newspaper) 13 March 2009 by Alexandra Williams
Unknown no longer: thousands of WW1
dead could at last be identified
War graves in France: Peter Barton's discovery could lead to thousands of soldiers being identified, years after they fell in battle. They are the nameless heroes buried in anonymous graves during and after the carnage of the Great War. For nine decades their last resting place has been marked simply "records" with the words 'Unknown Soldier' Red Cross basement, Geneva
or 'Known Only Unto God'. But thousands may soon be identified after the discovery of a vast forgotten archive. For British families who know they have a relative who died or went missing in the 'war to end all wars', but have never been able to pinpoint their remains, the discovery could at last provide some comfort.
British historian Peter Barton unearthed the archive, virtually untouched since 1918, in the basement of the Red Cross headquarters in Geneva. The organisation knew it had a vast amount of information there, but Mr Barton is the first to study it in detail. It documents information about the death, burial or capture of more than 20million soldiers from 30 countries who took part in the Great War.
Carefully entered on card indexes or written into ledgers, the details include name, rank, unit, time of death, exact burial location, home addresses and next of kin. The information has the potential to pinpoint unmarked graves along the Western Front and other battlefields, and could mean headstones which currently mark the grave of an unknown soldier will finally bear a name. It also paves the way for families to complete the history of relatives who died in the bitter trench fighting.
The basement of the Red Cross headquarters in Geneva homed a long-forgotten archive detailing information about the death, burial and capture of more than 20 million soldiers from 30 countries involved in the First World War.
Thousands of First World War soldiers from both sides are buried in unmarked graves
Some of the records, in immaculate condition, refer to the sites of mass graves where the bodies of soldiers were piled alongside each other.
They give detailed directions about where they were dug - many have since been overgrown or built on - and include details which could lead to the identification of soldiers buried in them. 'The emergence of this archive is hugely important,' said Mr Barton. 'It will change the way we look at World War One.
Historian Peter Barton was given access to the archive which has remained untouched since 1918. Peter Barton
'To a military historian it's like finding Tutankhamun's tomb and the Terracotta Warriors on the same day.'
'This archive has been hidden away - not deliberately - for 90 years. We historians just did not know that this existed. The Red Cross tells me I am the first researcher who has ever asked to see it.' Mr Barton, a First World War historian and author, stumbled across the records after being commissioned by the Australian government to find the identities of soldiers found at Pheasant Wood, Fromelles, France.
The trail led him to the Red Cross Museum in Geneva where he was given access to their basement. The records were passed to the Red Cross by the combatant countries at the end of the war.
The Red Cross acted as a go between for the protagonists. Information was then copied and passed to the soldiers' home countries but, according to Mr Barton, the UK's copy of the data no longer exists, much of it having been destroyed in the Second World War. The same fate is believed to have befallen the records in France and Germany.
The Red Cross
is already working to bring the archive into the computer age. The organisation has set aside £2.4 million to con- serve and digitise the paper records. The project will begin in autumn and will involve experts from around Europe. The Red Cross hopes to have the archive online by 2014, the cent enary of the Great War.
Red Cross workers, pictured during the war in 1917
'We want to archive these records because it will be far easier for families to access the information they require,' said a Red Cross spokesman. 'They hold an incredible amount of detail.'
See a BBC video interview of Mr. Barton (a colleague of EEH researchers) by clicking the below BBC link. After watching it, you may return to the EEH website by the back arrow in the upper left corner of your screen: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/7940569.stm
If you have Jewish ancestry, you may be interested in one of the biggest developments of the past 50 years:
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